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Education System in Indonesia

 EducationSchool/LevelGrade FromGrade ToAge FromAge ToYearsNotes
PrimaryKindergarten - Taman Kanak-kanak  352 
PrimarySekolah Dasar (SD) (literally Elementary School)166116 
MiddleMiddle School - "SMP" (Sekolah Menengah Pertama)7912143 
MiddleMiddle School - "SMP" (Sekolah Menengah Pertama)7912143 
SecondaryHigh School - "SMA" (Sekolah Menengah Atas) and SMK (Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan)  15   
TertiaryUniversity level first stage: Sarjana (S1)    4Sarjana followed by Subject Degree
TertiaryAssociates Degree - Ahli Madya Diploma 3    2 
TertiaryUniversity level second stage: Magister (Strata Dua) (S2)    2Magister (Strata Dua)
TertiaryUniversity level third stage: Doktor (Strata Tiga) (S3)    3Highest award conferred in Indonesia universities or institutes.

Primary Education

In Indonesia education is centrally controlled by the ministry of national education. 6 years in primary school and 3 years in junior high school are compulsory. The primary phase follows on after optional pre-school playgroups that may commence in a child’s third year. Most elementary schools are government controlled. Some offer accelerated programs that compress the phase to 5 years. As Islamic education system operates in parallel to this.

Middle Education

Junior high school offers a bridge between the gentler pace of the elementary phase, and the challenges of senior high school that may follow. It also assists educators to determine a possible future direction for their students. The Islamic education system continues to provide an alternative.

Secondary Education

There are two different kinds of Indonesian high schools providing two streams of education for those who choose to optionally enrol. One of these is aimed at those who intend to go on to university. The other is for those who plan to find jobs right away. Other young people choose the Islamic alternative.

Vocational Education

Vocational training is mainly provided by private training colleges and initiatives by donor countries. Unfortunately this continues to occur mainly in the cities. This continues to condemn most of the rural poor to a life of drudgery and manual labor.

Tertiary Education

Indonesia EducationThere are 4 kinds of tertiary education institutions in Indonesia, namely polytechnics, academies, institutes and universities. Some of these are state controlled, some are religiously affiliated and some are privately funded.

The oldest is the University of Indonesia founded in 1947. It enjoys a prestigious local reputation and was ranked among the top 50 in Asia in May 2011.

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